Homosexuality: sexual attraction to persons of the same sex. In ancient Greece, this was a normal practice. Violent debate, enthusiastic writings, shamefaced silence, flights of fantasy: few aspects of ancient society are so hotly contested as Greek pederasty, or - as we shall see below - homosexuality. Since the British classicist K. Dover published his influential book Greek Homosexuality in , an avalanche of new studies has appeared. We can discern two approaches:.
Homosexuality in ancient Rome - Wikipedia
Homosexuality in ancient Rome often differs markedly from the contemporary West. Latin lacks words that would precisely translate " homosexual " and " heterosexual ". Roman society was patriarchal , and the freeborn male citizen possessed political liberty libertas and the right to rule both himself and his household familia. The conquest mentality and "cult of virility" shaped same-sex relations.
Homosexuality in the militaries of ancient Greece
Homosexuality in the militaries of ancient Greece was regarded as contributing to morale. Some Greek philosophers wrote on the subject of homosexuality in the military. In Plato 's Symposium , the interlocutor Phaedrus commented on the power of male sexual relationships to improve bravery in the military: .
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