Every day millions of women around the world suffer from chronic pain but many remain untreated. Several reasons may explain why barriers to treatment still exist. Psychosocial factors, such as gender roles, pain coping strategies and mood may influence how pain is perceived and communicated. In addition, there may be a lack of acceptance or understanding of the biological differences between men and women that may impact how pain is perceived.
Here’s Why Women Are More Likely to Have Chronic Pain
Sex differences in pain: a brief review of clinical and experimental findings
Pelvic pain affects the lowest part of the abdomen, between the belly button and groin. In women, pelvic pain may be a sign of menstrual cramps, ovulation, or a gastrointestinal issue such as a food intolerance. It can also develop due to a more serious problem. Sometimes, pelvic pain is an indicator of an infection or issue with the reproductive system or other organs in the area. When this is the case, a woman may need to see a doctor.
Responding to Women's Pain Early and Effectively
The decision seemed to run counter to what my records showed. A few weeks earlier, I had ended up in the emergency room with chest pains and a heart rate hitting beats per minute. The ER crew told me it was a panic attack, gave me Xanax and told me to try to sleep.
Pain is a subjective and individualized perception, which can be interpreted and experienced uniquely in different people. However, sex variables encompass biological and physiological factors that affect pain perception and efficacy of treatment in women. These include sex hormones, genetic and molecular factors, cognitive processing, and neuroactivation after painful stimuli. Gender, which is a social construct, contributes to biopsychosocial differences through various mechanisms such as cultural and social role expectations and supports, coping mechanisms, and internal stressors.